The business environment in hangzhou is being improved in five areas
The business environment is the core of a region's comprehensive competitiveness. Information center of hangzhou hangzhou platform) (National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) Internet data analysis by means of large data, based on the statistics, approximately 28.736 million Internet text, third party data, from hangzhou city, the overall business environment, government affairs service environment, investment and trade environment, industry development environment, entrepreneurial innovation environment, law environment and so on multiple dimensions, in 2018, hangzhou "doing business" to evaluate the status quo of the building. The study found that the business environment in hangzhou was generally optimized in five areas in 2018. 1. The ten core evaluation indicators of the world bank's doing business report are highly recognized by the public opinion. From the perspective of public opinion evaluation, this paper analyzes the efforts of hangzhou to improve the business environment in 2018. According to the data, the public opinion satisfaction of the top ten business environment evaluation indexes in hangzhou is above 80. Among them, the public opinion satisfaction of electric power is the highest, reaching 98.04. Hangzhou has deepened the "three provinces" service for large and medium-sized enterprises and the "three zeros" service for small and micro enterprises, and realized the "one network and one license" service for electric power services, which has won unanimous praise from the public opinion. Starting a business was next, with a satisfaction rate of 97.21. Hangzhou has launched the online examination and approval system for commercial registration, and more than 95% of newly established enterprises in the city can handle business online. The proportion of online registration has been raised to more than 90%, which has been highly recognized by the enterprise staff. By the end of 2018, there were 1.12 million market entities in hangzhou, an increase of about 12% over the same period last year. Among them, enterprises accounted for more than individual businesses. Of the 224,000 new market entities in hangzhou in 2018, 119,000 were enterprises, accounting for more than 50 percent of the total, with an average of nearly 10,000 registered each month. Generally speaking, the number of newly added individual industrial and commercial households in cities far exceeds the number of newly added enterprises. Taking the national average level as an example, it is about the "37" score (see figure 2), while the number of newly added enterprises in hangzhou accounts for 53.13%, showing a good growth trend. According to the data on the industry distribution of newly added enterprises in hangzhou in 2018, the wholesale and retail, leasing and business services sectors were the most active, with the most new enterprises. From the perspective of the change in the proportion of the number of new enterprises in different industries, the proportion of information transmission software and information technology service enterprises increased significantly, and the emerging information technology industry developed rapidly. In addition, although the proportion of scientific research and technology service enterprises declined slightly, the average registered capital of new enterprises in this industry increased significantly, from 7.521 million yuan in 2017 to 9.995 million yuan in 2018. In 2018, hangzhou maintained a good momentum of opening up and cooperation with the outside world and made outstanding achievements in stabilizing foreign investment. According to the hangzhou investment promotion bureau, in 2018, the number of newly introduced foreign-invested enterprises in hangzhou increased by nearly 30 percent year-on-year, and the actual utilization of foreign capital increased by 3.38 percent year-on-year. The capital of the city's return project of zhejiang merchants increased by 14.1% year on year. In addition, hangzhou's import and export trade has also grown steadily, and a series of policies to stabilize foreign trade have been released. In 2018, the total import and export volume of hangzhou was 524.5 billion yuan, up 3.1%, of which the import was 182.8 billion yuan, up 11.8%, and the export was 341.7 billion yuan, down 1.0%. Foreign trade has been growing for three consecutive years since the 13th five-year plan. (5) improved enterprise management in the third quarter 2018 earnings, according to data from hangzhou net return on capital of listed companies increase year-on-year, a list of 15 deputy provincial city sixth, minor center, but with the top Qingdao an enlarged gap from a year ago, states that hangzhou the profitability of listed companies has increased, but compared with other cities there is still room for improvement. Based on the Internet text analysis method, it analyzes the dependence of enterprises on various production and operation factors, and focuses on capturing the four factors that influence the cost of land use, the tax burden on enterprises, the operating cost of enterprises and the financing cost of enterprises. The results showed that the dependence of enterprise operation on enterprise operating cost, enterprise tax burden and enterprise financing cost was relatively high. Compared with 2017, the dependence of enterprise operation on enterprise operating cost and enterprise financing cost increased slightly, while the dependence on enterprise tax burden decreased slightly. The high cost of operation and high cost of financing are still the concerns in enterprise operation. Points ofInterest refers to the information of spatial features with geographical indications, which is the basic data of spatial big data analysis. Group based on gold geographic information data, focusing on six categories POI data infrastructure, respectively is: road ancillary facilities (e.g., toll gates, service area, parking area, etc.), transport services, such as airport, port terminals, railway stations, parking lots, etc.), commercial housing (e.g., industrial park, building, commercial buildings, residential area, etc.), health care services, such as general hospital, hospital, etc.), science and education, cultural services (e.g., school, library, etc.), public facilities, such as public toilets, public facilities, etc.), six classes. According to the geographical data comparison of 15 cities at the sub-provincial level in 2018, hangzhou ranks 10th in the density of infrastructure (per square kilometer) in the whole city, ranking relatively low. The research group used the amount of Internet users' discussion on the topic of business environment to study the people's attention to this area of people's livelihood. To improve the business environment of 15 deputy provincial city public attention and satisfaction in line analysis found that hangzhou business environment of public opinion attention degree and satisfaction degree were 85.01, 96.92, satisfaction in fifth 15 deputy provincial city, ranked below the national average, says a hangzhou in zhejiang province and optimize the business environment of work though received the recognition of public opinion, but the government needs to strengthen the propaganda. First, we will implement more effective measures to reduce taxes and fees. It is suggested that the tax reduction policy should be changed from base reduction to tax rate reduction, so as to improve the sense of tax reduction. We will accelerate efforts to reduce the burden on businesses directly by reducing the VAT rate and effectively guide their psychological expectations. We will improve the policy of deducting input tax for enterprises and allow them to calculate input VAT at a certain rate of their current business income. Second, we will effectively address the difficulty and high cost of financing for enterprises. We will accelerate the construction of a comprehensive credit service platform for financing small and medium-sized enterprises in hangzhou, develop "credit easy loan", improve the information asymmetry between Banks and enterprises, "increase credit" for small and medium-sized enterprises, and improve the availability of loans. Financial institutions are encouraged to establish a set of risk control models suitable for small and medium-sized enterprises, so as to solve such problems as short financing cycle, small amount, high frequency and urgent time. Third, we will implement a more favorable housing policy for talents. We will expand the supply of housing for talented people and low-income housing, and explore a system whereby talented people rent their housing before they buy it, and rent can be used to offset purchase. Establish a closed transfer mechanism for housing talents in the whole city. First, we need to strengthen infrastructure to improve people's wellbeing and strengthen areas where we are weak. We will raise project funds through multiple channels in key areas and weak links such as urban underground utility corridors, education, culture, medical and health care, and accelerate the construction and operation of infrastructure projects for improving people's wellbeing. Second, actively improve the quality and function of the city. We will renovate the infrastructure of key business districts and enterprise parks, add landscape elements, add visual highlights and add experience services. We will speed up the construction of complex cultural and recreational Spaces and large commercial complexes, and build high-quality streets with rich cultural heritage, distinctive features and bright spots. Third, we will accelerate the development of new types of infrastructure. We will promote digital and networked information infrastructure with information transmission at its core, and transform it into an intelligent information infrastructure that integrates perception, transmission, storage, computing and processing, so as to accelerate the commercialization of 5G. First, build a government service system with government integrity as the core. We will improve government services and management to create an environment of integrity and efficiency. We will put in place a system of government commitments, and urge government officials to rectify their actions such as failing to honor the government's preferential policies for attracting investment and investment, "new officials ignoring old ones," and government employees' inaction and disorderly conduct. Second, we will make it more convenient for the people to provide approval services and work hard to increase the number of items being cut. We will further improve the system of "blacklisting" in all areas of administrative examination and approval. In the process of administrative examination and approval and public services, we will promote the implementation of such convenient measures as "green channel" and "allowance handling" for non-blacklisted enterprises, so as to make administrative examination and approval easier for all. Third, we will intensify publicity on the "business environment" and create a favorable public opinion environment. We will organize new media organizations to offer special topics on how to improve the business environment in hangzhou, interpret policies, publicize typical cases, set up advanced standards and promote entrepreneurship. Through multiple channels and in multiple ways, in-depth reports were made on the warm response of enterprises to the improvement of business environment in hangzhou and the people's personal experience in solving hot and difficult problems.