The "30 moves" will help strengthen shenzhen's weak links in the business environment
The 18th standing committee meeting of the shenzhen municipal committee of the Chinese people's political consultative conference (CPPCC) was held on Thursday, following a four-month survey of the business environment conducted by 172 municipal and district CPPCC members. Wang weizhong, member of the standing committee of guangdong provincial party committee and secretary of shenzhen municipal party committee, Chen rugui, deputy secretary of shenzhen municipal party committee and mayor of shenzhen, dai beifang, chairman of shenzhen CPPCC attended the meeting and delivered a speech. Chen rugui briefed the standing committee of the municipal people's political consultative conference on shenzhen's economic and social development in the first half of the year. Some members of the national committee of the Chinese people's political consultative conference (CPPCC), members of the provincial committee of the Chinese people's political consultative conference (CPPCC) and heads of 17 functional departments in shenzhen attended the meeting. A group of data can roughly reflect the above research results: by the beginning of July, the research team had held 45 symposiums on various topics, with 1,500 participants, and collected and analyzed more than 800 questionnaires. In order to fully learn the advanced experience at home and abroad, the research group has organized field research in Hong Kong, Macao and other places, and conducted in-depth comparative analysis of the advanced experience in cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, guangzhou, Singapore, New Zealand and other countries and regions. After several rounds of research and demonstration, the report on building a world-class business environment in shenzhen (one overall report, four sub-reports and three sub-reports) was completed, with a total of more than 300,000 words. On the above research found that the micro, small and medium enterprises "financing difficulties" and other 22 questions (see July 19, the nanfang daily shenzhen observe A Ⅱ 02 edition), in the project consultation meeting held yesterday, investigators article 30 targeted Suggestions are put forward. The leaders of the four research groups also made Suggestions on opening up the economy, capital taxes and fees, administrative rule of law and small and medium-sized enterprises. Liu zhixiong, Chen hongtian, wang wenyin, Chen zhili, zhao zhenzhuang and other CPPCC members made keynote speeches on how to further optimize the business environment in shenzhen. Leaders of shenzhen municipal government development research center and municipal development and reform commission responded to the Suggestions of CPPCC members. The meeting also invited bian jinping, vice chairman of the theoretical research association of the CPPCC national committee, to deliver a special guidance report on studying and implementing general secretary xi jinping's important thought on strengthening and improving the work of the CPPCC and the newly revised CPPCC constitution. On behalf of the research group, zhang guojun, member of the shenzhen CPPCC and director of the shenzhen taxation bureau, made a general report on the investigation situation. While affirming the continuous improvement of the business environment in shenzhen in recent years, the report also pointed out the shortcomings and put forward 30 Suggestions. The 30 Suggestions are mainly embodied in the following five aspects: improving the level of government services, solving the financing difficulties of enterprises, improving the tax efficiency of enterprises, optimizing the trade and investment environment, and improving the legal protection of enterprises. In terms of improving the level of government services, the research group put forward five Suggestions on improving the efficiency of enterprise bank account opening, improving the processing link of construction permit, optimizing the application management of electronic business license, promoting the reform of administrative service hall mode, and accelerating the information sharing among departments. In terms of improving the efficiency of enterprise bank account opening, the research group suggested that the government should take the lead and share the registration data of enterprise registration with the people's bank of China and the account opening data of commercial Banks. When an enterprise opens an account in a commercial bank, authorized information sharing should be implemented. At the same time, the implementation of the "2+2" enterprise account opening deadline system. In principle, commercial Banks should complete account opening examination within 2 working days after accepting the application for account opening from small and micro enterprises, and relevant branches of the people's bank of China should complete account opening approval within 2 working days. Dissolve the enterprise financing difficulties set small micro enterprise loan bank in resolving financing difficulties, assessment index research group puts forward the financial policy services platform, optimize the mortgage process and management, improve the social credit system, exploring the debt risk coping mechanisms, do a good job in key areas of risk prevention and control work, improve the intellectual property rights financing mechanism construction, strengthen the financial supervision appraisal 7 piece of advice. Findings into specific advice for small micro enterprise appraisal services, promote banking institutions to small micro enterprise credit approval to implement separate management and special performance appraisal, according to the assessment of regulatory requirements set small micro enterprise loan growth, loan number, etc, the assessment index for small micro enterprise credit business reward policy, give appropriate reward. Improve enterprise tax efficiency in intelligent means to improve the efficiency of the invoice for the tax efficiency, and improve enterprise research group proposed by intelligent means to improve the efficiency of the invoice for, enhance the level of tax related professional services, standardization and innovation of tax management, actively strive for local taxation authority, strengthen tax policy to promote five Suggestions. In terms of standardizing and innovating tax administration, the research group proposes to transform the way of tax collection and administration, change the current income-oriented management mechanism, appropriately reduce the growth expectation of local tax revenue, and adjust the existing strict and tight collection method accordingly. For example, for the collection of stamp duty in the purchase and sale contract, it is no longer levied based on the contract amount in accordance with the development needs of e-commerce. Instead, it is implemented more broadly based on the number of copies of the contract, so as to reduce the enterprise stamp duty expenditure and reduce the enterprise tax burden. In terms of optimizing the trade and investment environment in the greater bay area, the research group put forward five Suggestions on improving the management level of cross-border trade services, taking multiple measures to promote cross-border trade, promoting the integration of customs clearance in the greater bay area, building an international "smart port" and building a cross-border labor mobility center. Specific Suggestions include: deepening the comprehensive reform of shenzhen customs' "second construction and fourth reform" business, and comprehensively promoting the innovative inspection method adopted by the customs for special goods such as exhibition exhibits, such as opening up the "green emergency channel" and implementing "on-arrival and on-arrival inspection"; We will comprehensively promote the integration of port clearance in the guangdong-hong kong-macao greater bay area, deepen cooperation in the institutionalization of international customs clearance, and promote the connectivity of import and export trade data, mutual recognition of results, and mutual assistance in law enforcement with Hong Kong. We will give full play to shenzhen's leading advantage in "digital trade", incorporate smart ports into shenzhen's smart city construction, promote and apply more intelligent and automated advanced inspection facilities and equipment, and further improve the efficiency of inspection, inspection and customs clearance at ports. Perfect enterprise legal support deal with "zombie" companies to avoid excessive law enforcement in the security of enterprise, research group puts forward the formulation and adjustment of personnel management mechanism, improve the efficiency of intellectual property rights dispute mediation, improve the judicial protection of intellectual property system, deepen the reform of the bankruptcy system, the innovation "zombie" companies disposal way, strengthen the government bidding supervision, strengthening the protection of the legitimate rights and interests of entrepreneurs, improve relevant regulatory enforcement efficiency eight Suggestions. Specific Suggestions include: establishing shenzhen intellectual property mediation center, establishing a lawyer-led intellectual property mediation mechanism, and clarifying the status and role of the intellectual property mediation center through legislation of the special zone; Raise the amount awarded. It is suggested that shenzhen should increase the amount of judgment in intellectual property cases within the legislative framework, appropriately increase the punitive damages, and strengthen the deterrence of punishment. Drawing on the experience of the United Kingdom and the United States, it has established a special bankruptcy administration body to ensure the effective implementation of the bankruptcy law by tracking the implementation of the bankruptcy law, providing government public services, and pursuing the responsibility of the company executives who are personally responsible for the bankruptcy. Classify and dispose of different types of "zombie enterprises" caused by different reasons. For "zombie enterprises" which still have high-quality assets, it can be suggested to be acquired and reorganized. We should avoid excessive and excessive law enforcement, streamline the inspection of the production and operation of small, medium and micro enterprises, and intensify the collective inspection among different departments to reduce the number of inspections and reduce the time cost of enterprises. Liu zhixiong, member of the standing committee of the municipal committee of the Chinese people's political consultative conference (CPPCC) and chairman of sannuo group: shenzhen's industrial carrier is in urgent need of upgrading version 4.0. Liu zhixiong, chairman of sannuo group, believes that shenzhen should build an intelligent industry innovation ecology with the trinity of "production and research, production and finance, production and city". In this ecology, basic research and industrial application cannot be separated, real economy and virtual finance cannot be separated, and industrial ecology and urban planning cannot be separated. He pointed out that unprecedented industrial opportunities require new industrial space and a first-class business environment to create a first-class industrial ecology. In recent years, shenzhen has made great achievements in urban construction, including airport and transportation. The construction of commercial and residential space in the city is also in full swing. But what about the industrial park, the most important spatial carrier of our real economy? It has fallen far behind the overall construction of shenzhen and the industrial space construction of other cities. Liu zhixiong further mentioned that since the reform and opening up, the industrial park, the main spatial carrier of shenzhen's real economy, has gone through four historical stages, which can be called four versions of the development of industrial parks. Version 1.0, mainly represented by a batch of crude "three to one" factories in the 1980s; Version 2.0 is mainly an industrial park built by large manufacturing enterprises in the 1990s. Version 3.0 is mainly featured industrial parks planned by the government since 2000, such as high-tech parks and software bases. With the advent of the fourth industrial revolution, it is imperative to build a new industrial space in stage 4.0 that can meet the needs of new forms of business and intelligent manufacturing. The industrial space in this stage is characterized by resource sharing, diversification, factor circulation, ecological circulation, superposition of advantages and convenience of life. To this end, liu zhixiong suggested that, based on the development strategy of intelligent manufacturing, efforts should be concentrated on building a new type of industrial space at stage 4.0 -- intelligent intelligent manufacturing innovation eco-city in the greater bay area. The innovative eco-city should take the integration of industry and city as the construction model, configure various functional platforms around the industrial system, and coordinate the urban planning of housing, commerce, transportation, municipal administration, etc., integrating the needs of "production chain aggregation + function aggregation + service aggregation + city aggregation". Board chairman of the CPPCC national committee, auspicious qi group Chen Hongtian: business approval cannot be "waiting for" a trip to leadership since the 1980 s, board chairman of the CPPCC national committee, auspicious qi group Chen Hongtian is doing business in Hong Kong and the mainland mainly including shenzhen city investment, a few years ago in London, England and southeast Asia, the different business environment has a direct and profound feelings of the city. 'the shenzhen government has been streamlining administration and delegating power, and the business environment is much better than other cities in China,' Mr. Chen said. However, due to the traditional system and mechanism, there are still quite a few functions of the government that have not been transformed. Especially compared with Hong Kong, London and other international financial centers, shenzhen still lags behind in terms of government service awareness, market environment and financial services. "The London government is very service conscious and pragmatic towards business." Mr. Chen said that when he invests in the U.K., local tax officials take the initiative to help companies think about how to save money on taxes and offer professional tax planning advice. These practices make entrepreneurs feel respected. The policy environment in Hong Kong is also good. They set a lot of "rules of the game" for business operation. With the advanced international standards, shenzhen government needs to further change its service awareness and attitude. In Chen hongtian's opinion, most government workers in shenzhen have a strong sense of pioneering spirit, excellent ability and quality, and a good sense of enterprise service. But there are also some people afraid to assume responsibility, do not understand the needs of the enterprise, can not do sincere service for the enterprise. At the same time, the efficiency of some government departments also needs to be improved. In some government functional departments, when the approval process of a certain business has been completed, it will take 15 days or even longer for the leaders who are in the field to come back and "sign". Some of the enterprises who ask for instructions and report to the government departments cannot get answers and approval for a long time. "Only when the heads of government departments fully realize that both the government and the enterprises are contributing to the development of the economy, and the two sides are in a cooperative partnership rather than a simple relationship of leadership and obedience, can they truly listen to the voice of the enterprises, and can they support and serve the enterprises' better operation and development." "Mr. Chen said.